Das Hippodrom war die Pferderennbahn im antiken Konstantinopel. Es war das sportliche und soziale Zentrum der Hauptstadt des Byzantinischen Reiches. Übersetzung für 'hippodrome' im kostenlosen Französisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. „Das Hippodrom darf als die eigenartigste Volksbelustigung gelten, die uns die Wies'n heuer beschert. Man denke sich einen Zirkus, in dem der Zuschauerraum.
"hippodrome" Deutsch ÜbersetzungDas Hippodrom war die Pferderennbahn im antiken Konstantinopel. Es war das sportliche und soziale Zentrum der Hauptstadt des Byzantinischen Reiches. Übersetzung für 'hippodrome' im kostenlosen Französisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzungen für „hippodrome“ im Französisch» Deutsch-Wörterbuch (Springe zu Deutsch» Französisch). hippodrome [ipodʀo.
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A low wall called a spina ran most of the length of the stadium and divided the course. The spina was decorated with monuments and had sculptures that could be tilted or removed to keep spectators informed of the laps completed by the racers.
Because as many as 10 chariots raced at one time, the breadth of the course was sometimes as much as feet m ; the length was about to feet to m.
The largest hippodrome of the ancient world was that of Constantinople now Istanbul , which was begun under the Roman emperor Septimius Severus in ad and completed by Constantine in In this hippodrome much of the seating was supported on tiers of great vaults instead of the more usual embankment.
The stadium could house more than 60, spectators, and because of its ample accommodation, it was the scene not only of sports events but of imperial ceremonies, military triumphs, political demonstrations, and public executions.
Of the dozen or so monuments that originally adorned the spina of the Hippodrome, only an Egyptian obelisk, a memorial column, and the famous bronze serpent tripod from the Oracle at Delphi now remain on the site.
The Ottoman Turks used the Hippodrome as a source of building stone after capturing Constantinople in Hippodrome Article Media Additional Info.
Home Visual Arts Architecture. Print Cite. A total of up to eight chariots two chariots per team , powered by four horses each, competed on the racing track of the Hippodrome.
These races were not simple sporting events, but also provided some of the rare occasions in which the Emperor and the common citizens could come together in a single venue.
Political discussions were often made at the Hippodrome, which could be directly accessed by the Emperor through a passage that connected the Kathisma with the Great Palace of Constantinople.
The rivalry between the Blues and Greens often became mingled with political or religious rivalries, and sometimes riots, which amounted to civil wars that broke out in the city between them.
The most severe of these was the Nika riots of , in which an estimated 30, people were killed  and many important buildings were destroyed, such as the nearby second Hagia Sophia , the Byzantine cathedral.
The current third Hagia Sophia was built by Justinian following the Nika riots. Constantinople never really recovered from its sack during the Fourth Crusade and even though the Byzantine Empire survived until , by that time, the Hippodrome had fallen into ruin, pillaged by the Venetians who likely took the four horses now in San Marco from a monument there.
The hippodrome was used as a source of building stone, however. The Hippodrome was used for various occasions such as the lavish and days-long circumcision ceremony of the sons of Sultan Ahmed III.
In Ottoman miniature paintings, the Hippodrome is shown with the seats and monuments still intact. Although the structures do not exist anymore, today's Sultanahmet Square largely follows the ground plan and dimensions of the now vanished Hippodrome.
To raise the image of his new capital, Constantine and his successors, especially Theodosius the Great , brought works of art from all over the empire to adorn it.
The monuments were set up in the middle of the Hippodrome, the spina. Among these was the sacrificial tripod of Plataea , now known as the Serpent Column , cast to celebrate the victory of the Greeks over the Persians during the Persian Wars in the 5th century BC.
Constantine ordered the Tripod to be moved from the Temple of Apollo at Delphi , and set in middle of the Hippodrome. The top was adorned with a golden bowl supported by three serpent heads, although it appears that this was never brought to Constantinople.
The serpent heads and top third of the column were destroyed in All that remains of the Delphi Tripod today is the base, known as the "Serpentine Column".
Another emperor to adorn the Hippodrome was Theodosius the Great , who in  brought an obelisk from Egypt and erected it inside the racing track.
Theodosius had the obelisk cut into three pieces and brought to Constantinople. The top section survives, and it stands today where Theodosius placed it, on a marble pedestal.
The granite obelisk has survived nearly 3, years in astonishingly good condition. In the 10th century the Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus built another obelisk at the other end of the Hippodrome.
It was originally covered with gilded bronze plaques, but they were sacked by Latin troops in the Fourth Crusade. Seven statues were erected on the Spina of the Hippodrome in honour of Porphyrius the Charioteer , a legendary charioteer of the early 6th century who in his time raced for the two parties which were called "Greens" and "Blues".
None of these statues have survived. The bases of two of them have survived and are displayed in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
The area is officially called Sultan Ahmet Square. It is maintained by the Turkish government. The surviving monuments of the Spina , the two obelisks and the Serpentine Column, now sit excavated in pits in a landscaped garden.
The German Fountain "The Kaiser Wilhelm Fountain" , an octagonal domed fountain in neo-Byzantine style , which was constructed by the German government in to mark the German Emperor Wilhelm II 's visit to Istanbul in , is located at the northern entrance to the Hippodrome area, right in front of the Blue Mosque.
The Greek hippodrome was similar to the Roman version, the circus. The hippodrome was not a Roman amphitheatre , which was used for spectator sports, games, and displays, or a Greek or Roman semicircular theatre used for theatrical performances.
The Greek hippodrome was usually set out on the slope of a hill, and the ground taken from one side served to form the embankment on the other side.
One end of the hippodrome was semicircular, and the other end square with an extensive portico , in front of which, at a lower level, were the stalls for the horses and chariots.
At both ends of the hippodrome were posts termai that the chariots turned around. This was the most dangerous part of the track, and the Greeks put an altar to Taraxippus disturber of horses there to show the spot where many chariots wrecked.
A large ancient hippodrome was the Hippodrome of Constantinople , built between AD and However, since it was built to a Roman design, it was actually a circus.